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  The Ishmael Community: Questions and Answers

The Question (ID Number 206)...

    Do all species engage in Erratic Retaliation?

    ...and the response:

    The strategy of Erratic Retaliation is not in any sense a universal strategy for dealing with intraspecific competition. For example, many other species observe a pecking order strategy to keep the peace; individuals lower in the order tend to give in to individuals higher in the order, so Erratic Retaliation would serve no purpose. See Richard Dawkins's THE SELFISH GENE, chapter 5 for a wonderfully clear and comprehensive rundown on all this.


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